January 31, 2017 - 11:47am EST by
2017 2018
Price: 1.05 EPS 0 0
Shares Out. (in M): 41 P/E 0 0
Market Cap (in $M): 43 P/FCF 0 0
Net Debt (in $M): 0 EBIT 0 0
TEV (in $M): 43 TEV/EBIT 0 0

Sign up for free guest access to view investment idea with a 45 days delay.

  • Special Situation
  • Illiquid
  • Baupost (Klarman)
  • Luxury
  • Residential Real Estate
  • Covenant Violation
  • Litigation
  • Complex holding structure
  • Stub


Ambase Corporation (ABCP)



  • Special situation:  Little-known opportunity to invest at a discount alongside well-respected developers in a high-profile, luxury high-rise residential tower under construction at 111 West 57th Street in NYC (website:

  • Debt-free company trading at roughly 60% of book value.  Plus, book value may understate realizable value of investment in real estate project

  • Project can be profitable even if high-end real estate market softens considerably

  • Near-term catalyst: sales of condominiums (and publicity) begin in next 12-18 months

  • Ambase lawsuit versus developers has made documents public that help analyze what would otherwise be a very opaque opportunity

  • Ambase has a contractual Equity Put Right that, if exercised and honored, could result in a near term $100mm+ ($2.44/sh.) pre-tax payment to Ambase for its interest in the JV.   Stock currently trading at $1.05/share

  • CEO and Chairman, Richard Bianco, controls more than 40% of the company

  • Recent (modest) insider buying

  • Company is short on cash, but recently listed owned former office building for sale

  • Federal NOLs: $36.8mm as of 12-31-15



Ambase (ABCP) is trading at a significant discount to book value and our analysis indicates that book value may understate the realizable value of ABCP’s investment in 111 W57th either through sales of the condo units or the exercising of a put right Ambase possesses.


Ambase Corporation currently generates no operating revenue.  The company’s assets consist of cash, a Greenwich, CT office building and an equity investment in a joint venture developing a high-rise luxury residential tower located at 111 West 57th Street in New York, NY.  The NYC building is financed and construction is underway with anticipated completion in 2018.  Located two blocks south of Central Park, the building offers dead-center views of the Park to the North and Manhattan to the South.  Each upper floor of the ultra-thin tower will be its own condominium offering 360-degree views of NYC from each unit.  Based on a review of filings in the ongoing lawsuit Ambase has filed against its JV partner, the developers, we believe that the construction cost basis of the high-rise will result in a profitable venture even if the luxury NYC condo market softens.



Ambase received a nearly $200mm settlement from the Federal government in 2012 related to its ownership of Carteret Bancorp.  With the settlement proceeds, ABCP paid out a special dividend and then, in 2013, made an initial $56mm non-controlling investment in 111 West 57th Partners LLC  (“111W JV”) to acquire the Steinway Building on 57th Street in NYC and re-develop it and neighboring property into a remarkably thin, 1,400 foot high, 60 foot wide luxury residential tower.  The project secured $725mm in construction financing in June 2015 and is currently under construction with an expected completion date of 2018.  Ambase’s Joint Venture partners are the well–respected developers JDS Development (Michael Stern) and Property Markets Group (Kevin Maloney).   The project has a total of 60 condominium units for sale – 46 in the new high-rise tower and 14 in the original, but remodeled, Steinway Building.



Macintosh HD:Users:David:Desktop:Screen Shot 2017-01-31 at 9.29.26 AM.png


Macintosh HD:Users:David:Desktop:Screen Shot 2017-01-31 at 9.36.25 AM.png



($ in 000,000s)


Cash:  $1.1

Real estate owned, Net: 1.7 (FOR SALE. ASKING $6.75mm)

Investment in 111 West 57th Partners LLC (”111 W57 JV”): 63.8

Other assets: 0.4

Total Assets:  $67 

Liabilities and equity

AP and other liabilities: 0.6

Stockholders equity: 66.4

Total liabilities and equity: $67


Book value per share:  $1.63  


The critical analytical question is what is ABCP’s stake in the 111 W57th JV worth?


Prior to Ambase filing suit against its JV partners, there was very little public information regarding the economics of ABCP’s real estate investment.  NYC real estate development is a very competitive business and deal economics are held close to the vest.  However, once ABCP filed suit in 2016, public court filings revealed the project’s budget, which has been very useful in assessing the value of ABCP common stock.   I will discuss important aspects of the lawsuit below, but let’s first look at the budget detail buried in the hundreds of pages of court filings and assess how it informs the value of ABCP’s investment in 111 W57 JV.



The June 2014 budget for 111 West 57th projected a total cost (excluding construction financing interest expense) of: $639,694,892.  This included:

($ in 000,000s)

Hard costs: $249

Soft costs: $52

Financing costs (acquisition and construction): $82

Land Acquisition costs: $256

TOTAL June 2014 Budget: $640


Given the expected livable square feet of 252,581 (per NYC filings), the budgeted hard cost is $986/sq. foot and the total cost is $2,532/sq. foot.


Based on our review of the court filings, the June 2014 budget is not the current budget document.  Another budget was developed at the closing of the construction loans in June 2015. Furthermore, based on Ambase’s statements in its court filings, Ambase believes the current budget has increased materially from the June 2015 version.  How much it has increased, however, is not clear because budgets more recent than June 2014 have been redacted in the filings.


Therefore, we must make some conservative assumptions based on the data that are available from the un-redacted June 2014 budget.  First, let’s assume that between June 2014 and June 2015, all costs grew 5% --perhaps this is too much, but better safe than sorry.  This would imply a TOTAL project cost of $672mm or $2,658 per foot.  The court filings also contain hints about specific line item changes to the budget data.  In particular, in their Second Amended Complaint, Ambase alleges that “hard” costs “exceed 110% of hard costs in the prior approved budget [dated June 2015]” and that the costs related to the project’s sales office are over budget by millions of dollars as well.  Let’s assume a $55mm hard cost overage (beyond the June 2015 estimated budget) and a $10mm soft cost overage, which is consistent with Ambase’s allegations.  This would increase the total cost of the project to $737mm or $2,917 per foot.  Interestingly, this per foot cost lines up with a quote from Kevin Maloney, one of the development principals involved in this project, who commented in April 2016:


“We have a lot of latitude in our [111 West 57th] price structure.  If you believe you can complete a project at $3,000 a foot and you believe that the market is even $6,500 a foot, you have a lot of room to make your market where you’re not in jeopardy.  So we have a lot more latitude than, say, another project that might be on Central Park South and the 57th Street corridor where the basis is much higher.”  Source: Commercial Observer, 4/6/16.  


Now, let’s turn to the market for the condos in the building.  


The NYC Luxury Housing market, defined as housing with prices of more than $4mm, cooled in 2016 according to an analysis by Olshan Realty, Inc (source:  In 2016, 751 Luxury condos were put under contract compared to 904 units in 2015 and 891 units in 2014.  Interestingly, the number of contracts for units priced above $10mm fell only 5% from 227 units to 215 from 2015 to 2016.  The developers of 111 W57 acknowledged the market conditions when they opted to delay the opening of the project’s sales office from 2016 until 2017.  In making the decision, a spokesman for the project noted that 111 W57th is “an exceptional property, still in early stages of its development. It will be actively marketed when the time is right.”


In delaying the formal sales effort, JDS and PMG possibly wanted to entice buyers with condos that have more immediate move-in dates. “Buyers in choppy markets often don’t want to bet on projects that won’t be delivered for several years,” said Jacqueline Urgo, president of new development marketing firm, the Marketing Directors in a March 31, 2016 article in The Real Deal.


There are currently several luxury developments in NYC wooing similar buyers to those that 111 W 57th would cater to, including 220 Central Park South (Vornado Realty Trust) and Macklowe Group’s 432 Park Avenue.  There are also remaining units for sale in Extell Development’s One57, at 157 West 57th Street.


The developers have filed pricing for 57 of the 60 units to be sold in the 111w 57th project with the NY State Attorney General’s office, as is required under NY law for a condominium offering.  In its Condominium Offering Plan filing dated 12/7/15, the developers laid out the asking price for all but the top two penthouses and a high floor two-story unit.  Filed asking prices for the units in the old Steinway building aggregate to a total of $107mm for 14 units averaging out to $2,223 per sq. ft.  The filed asking prices for the high-rise tower equal a total of $1.18 billion for 43 full-floor units that averages to $6,058 per sq. foot.  The three units for which prices are not filed will likely have asking prices in excess of $6,058 per sq. foot.  Three recent (fall 2016) high-floor and/or Penthouse sales in the completed luxury high-rise at 432 Park Avenue, which could be considered comparable sales, traded at an average of $7,400 per sq. foot.  Assuming a $7,000 per sq. foot asking price for the three premium units, the total “sell out” of the building would equal $1.43 billion.


Notwithstanding what we believe to be this building’s unique attributes, namely a dead-center view of Central Park and a limited number of full floor units, let’s discount the proposed asking prices by 20% across the board to reflect a further softening in the Luxury condo market.  The resulting “sell out” would equal $1.14 billion, or an average of $4,510 per sq. foot. To put that in context, data for certain 2016 and late 2015 sales at competitive properties (432 Park Ave and 157 W57th) closed at an average price of $5,564 per sq. foot, with a minimum of $4,034 per sq. foot (37th floor) and maximum of more than $9,000 per sq. foot for two sales (86th floor and 65th floor).  (Source:




Macintosh HD:Users:David:Desktop:Screen Shot 2017-01-31 at 9.42.48 AM.png




ESTIMATED Total Sales Proceeds (@ 20% discount to filed per sq. foot offering price):


  • less Commissions and closing costs (6%):


Net Proceeds:


 -  Debt repayment:

($725)   face amount

= Net Proceeds after debt repayment:




Assumed equity ownership split at 111W57 JV:

Ambase: 44% **

(**Ambase asserts it is 59%; Developer claims it is 44% - see LAWSUIT)

Developers and Others: 56%


On a discounted cash flow basis (10% discount rate), ABCP’s equity stake in the sales proceeds on a per share basis would be worth between:

BASE CASE: $2.32

HIGH CASE: $3.21

Note:  these per share values exclude certain other assets and liabilities that are included in the per share values shown in “The Opportunity” section above.



  • All 60 Condos are sold over three years beginning in 2018. Twenty units sold per year across all floors (For reference: # of NYC condos priced >=$10mm that went under contract in 2016: 215. In 2015: 227)

  • Sales prices are 20% below filed asking/offering prices

  • Construction debt repaid from net sales proceeds first, with only small distributions to equity in JV in Year 1 (5% of net proceeds) and Year 2 (20%).  Debt is fully repaid in Year 3 (2020)

  • Cash flows discounted at 10%


BASE CASE Assumptions

  • ABCP share of proceeds in JV: 44% (developers’ asserted share for ABCP due to dilution)

  • ABCP is fully taxed (at 35%) on proceeds above an estimated basis of $66.4mm


HIGH CASE Assumptions:

  • ABCP share of proceeds in JV: 59% (ABCP’s asserted share, no dilution)

  • ABCP taxes reduced on proceeds above an estimated basis of $66.4mm due to $36.8mm NOL carryforward


Distributions from the JV will be made according to the non-public construction loan documents and the JV agreement and involve more than a simple percentage allocation, but the point here is to illustrate that the amount of value attributable to Ambase in the above scenarios is considerably in excess of the current book value of the investment ($64mm or $1.63/share), and even further in excess of the recent stock price ($1.05/share.)



Per the 9/30/16 Ambase 10Q filing, Ambase alleges that the developers (Defendants) “engaged in an unlawful scheme to dilute Ambase’s equity interest in the joint real estate venture…”and, more importantly, “that defendants have failed to honor the exercise of Ambase’s equity put right.”


Ambase completed its initial investment in the 111W 57 JV in 2013.  Subsequent capital calls from the JV (some of which are at issue in the lawsuit) depleted the company’s cash balances to the point where the CEO invested on the Company’s behalf for one capital call and finally, Ambase just didn’t make two requested capital calls.   As a result of the lack of payment, pursuant to JV capital calls, the developers have asserted that Ambase’s stake in the JV has been diluted in accordance with certain provisions of the Joint Venture agreement.  The appropriate amount of dilution is at issue in the lawsuit given a variety of allegations from Ambase regarding how the developers funded their own share of the capital calls.  The case is in discovery and it is hard to know how the percentage interest matter will be resolved, however in our Base Case scenario we included the lowest percentage (i.e. 44%, the developers’ view of the appropriate Ambase percentage stake) meaning that a decision in Ambase’s favor would increase the value of its stake accordingly.  


*Equity Put Right*

A very interesting aspect of the lawsuit is the equity put right mentioned above.  Ambase negotiated the right to put its stake in the Joint Venture back to the developers at a price that provides Ambase with a 20% IRR on its invested capital if the budgeted hard costs for the project increase by more than 10% from one budget to the next.  The developers last presented a budget to Ambase for “approval” in June 2015.  Since that time, despite a requirement in the JV Agreement for the Developer to provide at least an annual budget, no new budgets have been provided to Ambase.  Ambase has requested budget info, but the developers have not complied with the request.  Ambase believes that hard costs have increased by greater than the aforementioned 10% threshold and have therefore notified the developers of their desire to exercise the put right.  Based on our review of the legal filings, the developers do not dispute that they have not provided a budget “for approval” since June 2015.  Nevertheless, the developers have stated they will not honor the put right at this time under current circumstances.  As a result, Ambase amended its initial formal legal complaint to bring the exercise of the put to the forefront of the lawsuit.  Should the court find in Ambase’s favor with respect to the put right, Ambase could conceivably pocket a 20% IRR on the $64mm it has invested in the JV without waiting for construction to be completed and the condos to be sold.  It is not clear how the developers would finance the exercise of the put right, but the put right’s very existence likely strengthens Ambase’s hand as they pursue this lawsuit and any potential settlement.


On 1/18/17, the developers counter-sued Ambase alleging that Ambase withheld “consent to necessary project refinance unless [the developers] agree to pay [Ambase] a sum of money to which [Ambase is] not contractually entitled.  This “sum of money” reference is, I believe, a reference to the Equity Put option.  Ambase has yet to respond to this allegation.


Ambase is short of cash and raised the question of its ability to remain a going concern in the 9/30/16 quarterly filing.  The Company did announce that it had secured a “$1mm or additional amounts as may be necessary” line of credit from its CEO and Chairman, Richard Bianco.  Bianco also owns or controls 40% of the common equity.  In addition to the LOC, the company owns an office building in Greenwich, CT which it listed for sale in November 2016 for $6.75mm with no 8k announcement (  The office building’s book value at 9/30/16 is $1.7mm net of depreciation.   Finally, Ambase alleges that it is entitled to a greater share of a July 2015 JV capital distribution ($26.7mm in total) than it received due to its disputed JV equity interest percentage.  Should the lawsuit go Ambase’s way, more cash could be realized from this distribution.


We believe the company can solve its near term cash problem with the assets it controls.   Recent insider buying by the Company’s treasurer suggests the liquidity problem is not fatal.



  • No publicity for Ambase’s ownership stake in 111 W57th.  Articles about the project have only very rarely mentioned Ambase and even fewer, if any, have mentioned that Ambase is publicly traded.

  • Ambase has no operating business, it is strictly a single asset play and company has identified liquidity issues.  No public announcement of listing of office building for sale.

  • Assessing value of ABCP’s investment in 111 W57th is difficult strictly from the ABCP filings as they provide very little detail.  Analysis requires seeking out and reading court filings and other documents.

  • Micro-cap, trading on the OTC markets

  • Volume in ABCP has been limited.  Price fell by more than 50% in last 12 months and only 10% of the public float traded hands



The downside risks are Ambase’s limited liquidity and the concentrated exposure to the ultra-high-end NYC real estate market.  As mentioned above, we believe Ambase has options to solve its liquidity issues. The company is running on a small staff of 3 or 4 and the largest expenses beyond salaries (which we frankly think should be cut) are legal related to the lawsuit.  With respect to the NYC real estate market, we have attempted to model conservative sales prices for the 111W 57th condos.  Our analysis also indicates that Ambase’s equity in the JV would not be impaired even at a 30% discount to filed asking prices.  If Ambase were to recover only book value for the JV equity, the stock would be worth nearly double its current market cap. Nevertheless, there are a limited number of buyers for $20mm+ condos in the world.  We are comforted by the fact there are only 46 units in the tower to sell and, as we have mentioned earlier, we don’t believe there is a better location for high-rise views of Central Park and NYC.



Recent trading prices for Ambase value the Company’s equity stake in the 111 West 57th Street development joint venture at less than $0.65 on the dollar.  Our analysis not only finds no basis for this impairment, but instead shows evidence to demonstrate that the stake is worth a premium to book based conservative assumptions about the project budget and the realizable sales proceeds for the condos.  Even assuming Ambase loses on all counts with respect to its lawsuit against the developers, we believe the stock price at these levels still provides significant upside as sales for the condos begin in earnest in the next 12 months.  Should Ambase prevail on some or all matters in the lawsuit, and our review finds that Ambase has a reasonable argument that the equity put right should be honored, there could be considerably more upside in the stock price.  Finally, this is a rare opportunity for an investor to effectively co-invest – at a discount – with respected NYC developers on a high profile project.


I do not hold a position with the issuer such as employment, directorship, or consultancy.
I and/or others I advise hold a material investment in the issuer's securities.


  • Sales of condominiums (and associated publicity) begin in next 12-18 months
  • Ambase successfully exercises its Equity Put Option
1       show   sort by    
      Back to top