FAMOUS DAVES OF AMERICA INC DAVE
July 17, 2018 - 1:20pm EST by
andreas947
2018 2019
Price: 6.70 EPS 0 0
Shares Out. (in M): 9 P/E 0 0
Market Cap (in $M): 60 P/FCF 10 9
Net Debt (in $M): 0 EBIT 0 0
TEV ($): 55 TEV/EBIT 0 0

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  • Smaller Company
  • Ft Knox Balance Sheet
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Description

Famous Dave’s of America, Inc. (DAVE)

Summary

 

We focus on smaller companies with Ft. Knox balance sheets and large & sustainable free cash flow yields and we are typically seeking a double-digit FCF yield or higher on an unleveraged basis.  The objective is for the sustainable FCF to eventually drive up the share price to a more reasonable valuation, through share buybacks, debt reductions, dividends, or accretive acquisitions.  Obviously, it is important we have a management team that cares about shareholder value.  We focus on small-cap stocks because there is a much better chance to find an attractive investment opportunity which is under-followed or undiscovered.

 

Famous Dave’s of America, Inc. (DAVE) develops, owns, operates, and franchises barbeque restaurants under the Famous Dave’s name.  It offers smoked, barbequed, and grilled meats, as well as entrée items and side dishes that are prepared using proprietary seasonings, sauces, and mixes.  The Company operates full-service and counter-service restaurants.  As of May 15, 2018, it owned 15 locations and franchised 136 restaurants in 33 states, Puerto Rico, Canada, and the United Arab Emirates.

 

Over the last several years, DAVE has recorded weak comp store sales and significant operating losses due to over-expansion and gone through five CEO’s as it attempted to stabilize and turn around its business model.  From a market cap of over $200m in 2014, the Company’s market cap has shrunk to about $60m at present due to weak comp store sales and losses.  In 2016, DAVE brought back its founder, Dave Anderson, to aid in marketing promotions and to reinject some BBQ credibility to the business.  In May 2017, the Company announced that it was refranchising its remaining 33 company-owned restaurants during the next two years, as this strategy would allow it to shift its resources to the growth / viability of the franchise system.  Since then, the Company has refranchised its six Chicago units in 2016 and its eight Mid-Atlantic units in December 2017 and closed 13 underperforming company stores.

 

The Company’s LTM adjusted EBITDA is about $7m and has increased for the last three quarters due to reduced expenses and improved comp store sales.  During the Q3 2017 conference call, the Company estimated it could reduce G&A expense to about $8m which compares to almost $15m for 2017 as it aggressively shifted to a franchisor strategy with less corporate infrastructure.

 

Otto695 wrote up DAVE in November 2017 and since then the stock has done well.  There is further evidence that DAVE may be able to sharply reduce total G&A expense as G&A expense was reduced from $4.6m in Q1 2017 to $1.8m in Q1 2018 and adjusted EBITDA for Q1 2018 increased from $0.4m in Q1 2017 to $1.8m.  Furthermore, comp store sales results for both corporate and franchised restaurants improved over prior years.  Adjusted EBITDA has grown for the last four quarters year over year.  It appears management has at least stabilized the business model at this point.

 

The Company has also strengthened its balance sheet and liquidity.  In November 2017, the Company completed a private placement of about 420,000 shares at $3.50 per share with PW Partners, for gross proceeds of about $1.5m.  PW Partners is an investment fund led by Patrick Walsh that owns about 10% of DAVE and that has successfully taken an activist role with several restaurant chains (BJRI, DENN, RRGB, TACO) and other small cap companies, most recently CLUB.  In connection with the private placement, Jeff Crivello, the CFO of PW Partners and a member of the Board since August 2017, was appointed CEO of the Company effective November 14, 2017.  This was followed by a Rights Offering completed in April 2018 for 1.5m shares at $3.50 per share.

 

After the Rights Offering, DAVE has about 9m shares outstanding currently trading at about $6.70 per share for a market cap of about $60m.  We estimate that DAVE has net cash of about $5m for an Enterprise Value (EV) of about $55m.  We believe DAVE could generate adjusted EBITDA of $10m+ per annum in 2018 and 2019, so DAVE would be trading at below 6x our adjusted EBITDA estimates.  We also believe a substantial portion of adjusted EBITDA could convert into free cash flow given the limited capital expenditures, limited working capital needs, the NOL and fewer cash restructuring charges in 2018 and 2019.  We believe DAVE could generate $5m-$6m of FCF per year in 2018 and 2019 for about a 10% FCF yield unleveraged.

 

We believe as DAVE right-sizes its G&A expenses and implements programs to improve franchise store profitability and comp store sales, adjusted EBITDA could grow and trade at a higher multiple.  We believe DAVE could achieve adjusted EBITDA of $10m+ per annum in 2018 and 2019 and trade for 10x adjusted EBITDA with a net cash position of nearly $15m by year-end 2019.  This would result in a market cap of about $115m or, based on 9m diluted shares outstanding, a share price of about $13 per share or almost 100% more than $6.70 per share today.

 

Strategic Initiatives

 

The Company has several initiatives to reduce costs and reinvigorate sales.  Management believes customers want increased speed and convenience in purchasing meals and that the Company’s BBQ offering can play well into this trend.  Key initiatives include expanding off-premise sales (take-out, third-party delivery, and catering), expanding online sales orders, a new, smaller store prototype, a menu overhaul, and developing a new BBQ brand in collaboration with world champion BBQ pit-master Travis Clark.  Further, there is a strong focus on technology and better IT systems and capabilities which will help to increase digital relationships with customers.  This includes increasing delivery through shared kitchen spaces and smaller restaurants.  It might include smaller stand-alone spaces of 500 to 800 square feet versus 5,000 square feet in traditional locations.  A major program is delivery through third party operators which has been driving improved comp sales at company locations.  Management believes delivery services can better connect its brand with “millennials” who tend to use delivery more frequently.  Currently, about 30% of total sales come from off-premise sales, which includes take-out, catering and third-party delivery and management expects this share to increase over time.  Another growth opportunity would be the Company acquiring existing restaurant sites if they are available at attractive prices – management is focused on attractive payback periods of two to three years.

 

Background

 

The Company has sought to consolidate its franchisee operations into stronger hands.  In December 2017, the Company sold eight Company restaurants in Maryland and Virginia to one of its largest and most successful franchisees.  In early 2016, the Company refranchised seven Company-owned restaurants in the Chicago area and exited that market completely.  In December 2017, as part of a settlement of a legal dispute, the Company approved the transfer of seven franchise restaurants in Utah and Washington to an entity controlled by Charles Davidson, who is a Founder of Wexford Capital, owner of 19% of the Company’s stock and its largest shareholder.  The Company also made certain concessions related to these acquired restaurants to facilitate needed investment by the purchaser. 

 

In 2017, the Company rolled out several initiatives to drive traffic and improve sales to Company stores and these are in various stages of implementation throughout the franchise system.  The Company revitalized the beverage menu and rolled out delivery programs via third-party delivery services. The Company also addressed costs in its restaurants by programs aimed to reducing food waste and optimizing labor through technology and training.  It is also working to simplify back of the house operations to drive efficiencies in its restaurants.  The Company continues to focus its resources on innovations to provide new avenues for our franchisees to improve their sales and operating performance.  The Company also implemented strategic, temporary royalty abatements on certain stores transferred to new owners in 2017 to allow these owners to invest in necessary repairs and maintenance work that it believes will help improve those stores performance in the future.  Finally, the Company took steps in 2017 to realign its general and administrative expense structure to reflect a franchised focused business model.  In 2018, the Company seeks to execute further on programs from 2017 and to revitalize and streamline the core Famous Dave’s concept, and develop and test new BBQ concepts with attractive unit economics for franchisees.

 

In 2017, per person average tickets for lunch averaged $13 and for dinner averaged $17.  Restaurants currently average about 5,000 square feet and are designed specifically to accommodate significant levels of To Go sales, including a separate entrance with distinct signage and a separately staffed To Go counter.  In 2017, the Company highlighted value and affordability in its menu along with promoting additional value offerings through limited time offers and day of the week “Smoking-Deals”.

 

Geographical concentration at year end 2017 was 43% Midwest, 5% Middle Atlantic, 9% South, 30% West, 8% Northeast, and 5% International.  The Company prepares a development strategy for each market and targets trade areas that align with the target guest profiles.  At year-end 2017, the Company had 32 ownership groups with franchise operations located in over 30 states, with largest states being California (14 locations); Wisconsin (10 locations), Illinois (8 locations), and Michigan (7 locations).

 

 

Seasonality

 

The Company’s seasonality is shown in the chart below, which shows quarterly revenues, operating income, and adjusted EBITDA and indicates that Q2 and Q3 are generally the strongest quarters for DAVE.  While we are reluctant to extrapolate one quarter of results, Q1 2018 results for the Company would seem to imply a strong adjusted EBITDA for 2018.

 

Strong Cash Generative Business Model and Attractive FCF yield

 

DAVE is increasingly shifting to a cash-generative, franchisor business model.  Based on reductions in G&A expense from $15m in 2017 to an estimated $8m in 2018, we believe DAVE could generate $10m+ in adjusted EBITDA in 2018 and 2019.  We believe a significant portion of this adjusted EBITDA could drop into FCF due to NOL’s, minimal capex, limited working capital needs, and reduced cash restructuring charges in 2018.  We believe DAVE could generate $5m-$6m of FCF per year in 2018 and 2019.  Based on a current enterprise value (EV) of about $55m, this would imply DAVE is trading at close to a 10% unleveraged FCF yield.  We believe this would be an attractive valuation for a franchisor restaurant business model with improving comp store sales and improving business model economics for franchisees.

 

Improved Q1 2018 Results Indicate Strategic Plan is Working So Far

 

Results for Q1 2018 were solid and indicate the strategic plan is making progress.  Adjusted EBITDA was $1.8m versus $0.4m in prior year.  Comp store sales for company stores were +5.2% and comp store sales for 136 franchised stores were (1.6) % which represent strong improvements as compared to prior year results when comp store sales for 35 company stores were (3.3) % and comp store sales for 138 franchised stores were (4.8) %.  System-wide restaurant sales were $87m in Q1 2018 versus $100m in prior year as company stores were closed or refranchised.  G&A expenses decreased to $1.9m versus $4.5m in prior year due to the realignment of the G&A expense structure to be commensurate with that of a more dedicated franchisor, as Company-owned restaurant count declined from 35 restaurants to 16 restaurants as quarter end for both periods.

 

The Company noted that the continued adoption of third party delivery would likely help drive top line performance of franchisees throughout the year as only half of the serviceable units were currently live.  Q2 and Q3 have typically been the seasonally strongest quarters for DAVE.  We believe the adjusted EBITDA of $1.8m in Q1 2018 augurs well for a strong full year adjusted EBITDA for 2018.

 

 

 

Improved Comp Store Sales at Corporate Stores

 

The Company’s 15 corporate owned stores are where management is testing and validating programs to drive improved comp store sales for franchised stores and improved ROIC for franchisees.  These corporate stores have generated strong comp store sales results over the past few quarters with comp store sales for corporate stores positive over the last three quarters and with the last two quarters +8% and +5%, respectively.  This likely indicates corporate programs to drive improved comp store sales are working and should provide validation to franchisees to implement and make investments in these programs.

 

Potential Opportunities for Franchisee Growth

 

We believe the Company’s strong reputation in BBQ and menu focus could translate well into stronger take-out and off-premise sales.  DAVE is consistently ranked as one of the top 10 BBQ chains in the U.S. in several surveys.  DAVE is seeking to improve franchisee growth through increased off-premise business by improved online ordering, third party delivery partnerships, smaller restaurant formats, and new menu items.  Franchisee comp store sales have been gradually improving as some of these programs appear to take hold.  Third party delivery has been driving comp store sales at company restaurants but was still only deployed in about half of franchised restaurants for Q1 2018.  Third party delivery deployment could be a source of improved franchisee comp store sales in 2018.  We also believe DAVE is focused on improving the unit economics for franchisees to encourage more investment in existing and new units for from franchisees for the chain.  We believe there are some deep-pocketed members of DAVE’s franchisee group that could deploy capital if the expected returns are attractive.  Depending on whether new units are new builds or purchases of existing restaurant units, management is looking for attractive payback periods of two to three years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activist Shareholder Base Driven to Create Shareholder Value

 

The Company’s shares are significantly owned by activist shareholder groups that we think will aggressively seek to drive shareholder value.  Wexford Capital controls almost 20% of total shares outstanding.  PW Partners has invested successfully as an activist in several restaurant companies (BJRI, DENN, TACO, RRGB) and other companies such as Town Sports (CLUB).  The Company’s new CEO took over in November 2017and is the CFO of PW Partners.  PW Partners invested in a private placement of about $1.5m at $3.50 per share in November 2017.  We believe the strategic plan to move to more franchised business model, improve franchisee comp store sales, financial results, and ROIC, and programs to drive online and off-premise sales make sense and can be successful over time.

 

In addition to PW Partners and Wexford Capital, there are several other activist players in DAVE stock, including Kanen Wealth, Bandera Partners, ad Farnam Street Partners.  Admittedly, activists have been trying to drive shareholder value at DAVE for several years now, but we believe they will collectively continue to aggressively seek to drive shareholder value, although it could take longer than we expect.

 

Attractive Upside Potential

 

We believe DAVE could achieve adjusted EBITDA of $10m+in 2018 and 2019 and increase its net position to $15m+ by year-end 2019.  As its cash-generative franchisor business model becomes more evident to investors and comp store sales continue to improve, we believe DAVE could trade for 10x adjusted EBITDA and have a market value of about $115m.  Based on9m total common shares outstanding, the Company would have a share price of about $13 per share (or almost 100% higher than current prices).

 

“Ft. Knox” Balance Sheet Provides Downside Protection

 

DAVE has a strong balance sheet, with a net cash position of close to $5m.We believe given the capital-light business model, that DAVE could generate $5m-$6m of FCF per year in 2018-9.  We believe DAVE could end 2019 with net cash of $15m or more, excluding organic capital investments and dividends or share repurchases.  We believe this strong cash position will enable management to make carefully selected strategic investments to drive improved sales for franchisees and eventually the opening of new units by franchisees.  We also believe the Company may acquire existing restaurant locations at attractive prices, as they are available.

 

Conclusion and Target Price

 

Based on 10x our estimate of adjusted EBITDA of $10m+ for 2019 with about $15m net cash and about 9m diluted shares outstanding, we believe DAVE could have a market cap close to $115m or $13per share or more versus $6.70 per share today (+100%).  If DAVE continues to execute and reduce G&A expense and successfully grow its franchised restaurant business we expect, we think our target price can be achieved. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major shareholders

 

 

Wexford Capital

1,686

18.6%

Bandera Partners

1,444

15.9%

Kanen Wealth Mgmt.

935

10.3%

Raging Capital Mgmt.

455

5.0%

Farnam Street Partners

418

4.6%

PW Partners

418

4.6%

Renaissance Technologies

366

4.0%

Blue Clay Capital

357

3.9%

 

 

 

Avg Daily Volume

Price per share

$6.7

   

45,000

 

Shares outstanding

9.0m

 

 

Market value

$60

 

 

 

52-week range

$3.40

$9.65

 

             

 

Income statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3mos

3mos

   FYE 12/31

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2017

2018

Sales

$155

$155

$155

$149

$114

$77

$65

$17

$13

Adjusted EBITDA

$15

$13

$15

$16

$6

$5

$6

$0

$2

Adjusted EBIT

$10

$7

$9

$9

$2

($1)

$0

($1)

$2

Net income

$6

$4

$5

$2.9

($4)

($2)

($8)

($1)

$1

EPS - continuing ops

$0.68

$0.57

$0.62

$0.40

($0.63)

($0.35)

($0.95)

($0.18)

$0.13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3mos

3mos

 FYE 12/31

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2017

2018

Net income

$6

$4

$5

$3

$1

($4)

($7)

($1)

$1

Dep & Amort.

$6

$6

$6

$6

$5

$3

$3

$1

   $0

Non-cash adjust

$3

$1

$3

$3

($4)

$3

$4

$1

($1)

Working capital changes

($3)

($2)

$2

$1

($4)

($4)

$2

$0

$0

Cash from operations

$12

$10

$16

$13

($2)

($2)

$2

$0

$1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

($6)

($7)

($7)

($3)

($3)

($1)

$0

$0

$0

Dividends

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$

$0

$0

Share repurchases

($6)

($6)

($7)

($3)

($6)

$0

$0

$0

$0

Acquis, net

$0

$1

$0

$0

$8

$1

$

$0

$0

Est. free cash flow

$6

$3

$9

$10

($5)

($3)

$2

$0

$1

Balance sheets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   FYE 12/31

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

4/1/18

PF (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

$1

$2

$1

$2

$5

$5

$9

$9

$15

Total assets

$74

$76

$75

$67

$58

$51

$37

$37

 

Total debt

$21

$22

$20

$12

$15

$12

$9

$10

$10

Shareholder equity

$34

$34

$33

$32

$22

$20

$14

$13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net debt

$20

$20

$19

$10

$10

$7

$0

$1

($5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA %

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comp Store Sales – Franchised

0.0%

(2.0%)

(2.9%)

(2.5%)

(2.5%)

(4.5%)

(2.3%)

(4.8%)

(1.6%)

Comp Store Sales – Company

1.5%

(1.8%)

0.2%

(5.3%)

(9.3%)

(5.0%)

2.4%

(3.3%)

5.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year End Rest. - Franchised

133

135

140

139

135

139

134

138

136

Year End Rest. - Company

54

53

54

50

44

37

16

35

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares outstanding

 

7.7

7.7

7.2

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.5

 

(1)    Pro forma for April 2018 rights offering of $5.5m for 1.6m shares (at $3.50 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valuation & Valuation Ratios

 

 

Market value

$60

EV / Adjusted EBITDA

8x

Net debt

($5) **

Enterprise Value / Cash from Ops

15x

Enterprise value

$55

Enterprise Value / Revenues

1.0x

 

 

Price per share

$6.7

 

Shares outstanding

9.0m

 

Market value

$60

Average Daily Volume

 

   

45,000

 

52-week range

$3.40

$9.65

 

 

 

                   

 

** Estimated pro forma B/S for April 2018 $5.5m right offering.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                   
 

 

 

 

                   

 

 

 

 

 

                   

 

                                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seasonality

       
         
         

 

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

2018 – Total revenues

$12.8

 

 

 

2018 – Income from operations

$1.5

 

 

 

2018 – Adjusted EBITDA

$1.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017 – Total revenues

$17.0

$25.3

$21.9

$12.5

2017 – Income from operations

($2.1)

($1.7)

($2.6)

$0.6

2017 – Adjusted EBITDA

$0.4

$2.6

$1.4

$1.3

 

 

 

 

 

2016- Total revenues

$23.5

$27.7

$25.4

$17.4

2016 – Income from operations

$0.4

$0.3

($3.7)

($1.1)

2016 – Adjusted EBITDA

$1.1

$2.5

$1.4

$0.5

 

 

 

 

 

2015 – Total revenues

$28.3

$32.7

$27.9

$25.4

2015-Income from operations

$0.3

$1.0

$1.3

($0.4)

2015 – Adjusted EBITDA

$1.5

$3.0

$1.2

($0.1)

1)      Results for 1Q18, 4Q17 & 1Q17 are restated numbers for discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

               

Key Operating Metrics:

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

Q3-16

Q4-16

Q1-17

Q2-17

Q3-17

Q4-17

Q1-18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restaurant Count

 

 

 

 

     

 

   Franchised-operated

139

139

138

135

129

134

136

 

   Company-owned

37

37

35

32

25

16

16

 

Total

176

176

173

167

154

150

152

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comp restaurant sales %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Franchise-operated

(3.8) %

(5.5) %

(4.8) %

(3.2) %

(2.1) %

+1.1%

(1.6) %

 

   Company-owned

(1.0) %

(5.0) %

(3.3) %

(2.2) %

+0.9 %

+8.0%

+5.2 %

 

      Total

(3.1) %

(5.4) %

(4.5) %

(3.0) %

(1.5) %

+1.8%

(0.9) %

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

System-wide restaurant sales

$109.0

$97.7

$100.4

$111.0

$99.7

$89.3

$87.1

 

                                               

 

 

Quarterly Balance Sheets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
                 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Oct 15

Jan 16

Apr 16

Jul 16

Oct 16

Jan 17

Apr 17

Jul 17

Oct 17

Jan 18

Apr 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

   Cash and equivalents

$2.0

$5.3

$7.6

$6.3

$6.8

$4.5

$4.9

$5.4

$7.4

$8.8

$8.9

$27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

   Accounts Receivable

$4.4

$4.7

$5.0

$5.0

$4.4

$5.3

$5.5

$5.6

$5.2

$3.8

$4.4

$13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Inventories

$2.4

$2.1

$1.9

$1.9

$1.9

$1.5

$1.4

$1.5

$1.1

$0.6

$0.6

$9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

   Other current assets

$5.6

$5.0

$3.2

$4.8

$5.5

$5.2

$7.3

$7.2

$6.3

$3.5

$3.6

$23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

       Total current assets

$14.4

$17.0

$17.6

$18.1

$18.5

$16.4

$19.0

$19.6

$20.0

$16.8

$17.6

$72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Property and equipment, net

$42.4

$32.5

$31.9

$30.1

$25.9

$25.9

$25.4

$20.8

$18.5

$11.4

$10.3

$572

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Intangible assets

$2.9

$2.9

$2.9

$2.9

$2.9

$2.6

$2.6

$2.5

$2.6

$1.8

$1.4

 $5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Other assets

$1.5

$5.2

$5.3

$5.7

$6.0

$6.0

$5.6

$5.4

$5.3

$6.8

$7.7

$23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

    Total Assets

$61.2

$57.6

$57.7

$56.8

$53.3

$50.9

$52.5

$48.3

$46.4

$36.9

$37.0

$672

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Current Liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

  Accounts payable

$6.0

$5.7

$6.1

$6.2

$5.6

$5.3

$6.3

$5.9

$5.7

$4.4

$4.4

 $34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

   Accrued expenses

$15.3

$8.7

$17.9

$7.7

$15.8

$5.8

$8.2

$6.6

$7.8

$6.0

$6.2

 $86

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

      Total current liabilities

$21.3

$14.4

$24.0

$14.0

$21.4

$11.1

$14.5

$12.5

$13.5

$10.3

$10.6

 $120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
                 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

LTD

$0.0

$10.1

$0.0

$7.0

$0.0

$8.8

$8.6

$8.4

$8.2

$7.9

$7.7

$96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Finance leases

$2.9

$2.7

$2.7

$2.5

$2.4

$2.3

$1.5

$1.4

$1.3

$1.2

$0.0

$49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other liabilities

$9.1

$8.3

$8.2

$10.2

$8.7

$8.7

$9.1

$8.5

$7.7

$4.0

$5.5

$20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Total Stockholder's equity

$27.9

$22.1

$22.8

$23.1

$20.8

$20.0

$18.8

$17.5

$15.8

$13.5

$13.2

$306

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
                                                                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarterly Income Statements

               

 

 

 

                 

 

 

 

                 

 

 

 

 

Oct 15

Jan 16

Apr 16

Jul 16

Oct 16

Jan 17

Apr 17

Jul 17

Oct 17

Jan 18

Apr 18

Revenue

$27.9

$25.4

$23.5

$27.7

$25.4

$22.6

$22.0

$25.3

$21.9

$12.5

$12.8

Food and beverage costs

$7.2

$6.4

$6.0

$7.1

$6.5

$5.6

$5.4

$6.2

$5.4

$2.8

$2.7

Labor and benefits costs

$8.3

$7.6

$6.9

$7.4

$7.1

$6.9

$6.5

$7.1

$6.4

$3.2

$3.2

Operating expenses

$7.0

$6.4

$5.7

$6.4

$6.6

$6.1

$5.5

$5.9

$5.1

$2.8

$2.8

Depreciation and amortization

$1.1

$1.1

$1.0

$1.0

$0.9

$0.8

$0.8

$0.7

$1.4

$0.5

$0.4

G&A expenses

$4.1

$5.1

$3.7

$4.5

$4.4

$4.1

$4.6

$3.5

$3.8

$2.8

$1.9

Other

($1.1)

($0.7)

($0.2)

$1.1

$3.6

$0.1

$1.1

$3.5

$2.5

($0.2)

$0.4

Income from operations

$1.3

($0.4)

$0.4

$0.3

($3.7)

($1.1)

($2.0)

($1.7)

($2.6)

$0.6

$1.5

Net financial expenses

$0.2

$0.4

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.1

Profit before taxes

$1.1

($0.8)

$0.2

$0.1

($4.0)

($1.3)

($2.2)

($1.9)

($2.7)

$0.4

$1.3

Income taxes

($0.1)

$0.5

($0.1)

$0.0

$1.6

$0.5

$0.9

$0.6

$0.9

($1.9)

($0.3)

Net income

$1.0

($0.3)

$0.1

$0.1

($2.4)

($0.8)

($1.2)

($1.3)

($1.8)

($1.5)

$1.0

                 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

$1.2

($0.1)

$1.1

$2.5

$1.4

$0.0

$0.4

$2.6

$1.4

$1.3

$1.8

 

1)       Jan’18 & Apr’18 results exclude results for Refranchised eight Company-owned restaurants and closed one underperforming Company-owned restaurant

 

 

Annual Income

Statements

               

 

 

 

               

 

 

 

 

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Revenue

$140.4

$136.0

$148.3

$154.8

$155.0

$155.4

$131.9

$114.2

$76.6

$64.6

Food and beverage costs

$37.6

$35.5

$38.8

$40.8

$42.4

$41.4

$33.5

$29.1

$18.3

$14.8

Labor and benefits costs

$38.2

$37.0

$41.4

$43.2

$44.3

$44.3

$36.9

$32.6

$21.0

$17.7

Operating expenses

$32.5

$31.5

$36.1

$38.4

$36.5

$35.0

$31.5

$27.8

$18.7

$14.7

Depreciation and amortization

$5.5

$5.2

$5.5

$5.6

$6.0

$6.2

$5.2

$4.5

$2.9

$2.8

G&A expenses

$16.5

$16.0

$16.2

$16.5

$18.7

$18.9

$15.9

$19.0

$16.6

$14.6

Other

$8.0

$0.3

($1.6)

$0.9

$0.9

$1.9

$5.0

($0.8)

$4.8

$6.9

Income from operations

$2.0

$10.5

$12.0

$9.4

$6.2

$7.7

$3.9

$2.1

($5.6)

($6.8)

Net financial expenses

$2.0

$1.4

$1.1

$1.1

$1.1

$1.0

$0.9

$1.0

$0.9

$0.7

Profit before taxes

$0.3

$8.7

$11.0

$8.3

$5.2

$6.8

$3.0

$1.1

($6.4)

($7.5)

Income taxes

$0.1

($3.0)

($3.8)

($2.8)

($0.8)

($2.0)

($0.7)

($0.0)

$2.3

$0.9

Net income

$0.4

$5.7

$7.2

$5.6

$4.4

$4.8

$2.3

$1.1

($4.1)

($6.7)

               

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

$15.6

$16.0

$15.9

$15.5

$12.6

$15.2

$13.5

$5.7

$5.0

$5.7

 

1)       2016&2017 results exclude results for Refranchised eight Company-owned restaurants and closed one underperforming Company-owned restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

     

Famous Dave’s Inc (DAVE) (1)

Denny's Corporation (DENN)

Dine Brands Global, Inc. (DIN)

Sonic Corp. (SONC)

 

 

     

Famous Dave's of America, Inc. develops, owns, operates, and franchises barbeque restaurants under the Famous Dave's name.  At May 2018, the Company had 15 company locations and 136 franchised locations.

Denny's Corporation, through its subsidiary, Denny's, Inc., owns and operates full-service restaurant chains under the Denny's brand internationally.  At Dec. 2017, the Company had 1,735 franchised and company restaurants worldwide.

Dine Brands Global, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, owns, franchises, operates, and rents full-service restaurants in the United States and internationally.  At Dec. 2017, the Company had 1,936 Applebee’s franchised restaurants and 1,786 IHOP franchised restaurants.

Sonic Corp. operates and franchises a chain of quick-service drive-in restaurants in the United States.  At Aug. 2017, the Company had 228 owned restaurants and 3,365 franchised restaurants.

   

Cash

$15m

$4m

$96m

$45m

   

LTD

$10m

$314m

$1.4b

$723m

   

 

   

 

 

 

 

Price

$6.7

$16

$75

$36

   

Shares

9m

64m

18m

36m

   

Market Cap

$60m

$1.0b

$1.3b

$1.3b

   

Enter. Value (EV)

$55m

$1.3b

$2.6b

$2.0b

   

 

   

 

 

 

 

Rev - LTM

$61m

$557m

$602m

$435m

   
             

 

 

   

Adj. EBITDA – LTM

$7m

$104m

$126m

$146m

 

Adj. EBITDA margin

11.7%

 18.6%

20.9%

33.4%

 

EV to Adj. EBITDA

8.1x

13.0x

20.8x

13.6x

 

 

EV to LTM Revenues

0.9x

2.4x

4.4x

4.5x

 

LTM Capital Expenditures

$0.3m

$20m

$14m

$34m

 

Cap Ex to Revenues

0.5%

3.6%

2.3%

7.8%

 

LTM Cash from Operations

$4m

$74m

$63m

$90m

 

EV to LTM Cash from Ops

13x

18.3x

41.9x

22.1x

 

LTM Free Cash Flow

$2.6m

$54m

$49m

$56m

 

FCF to EV

4.1%

4.0%

1.9%

2.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparable restaurant sales

(0.9%)

+1.5%

+3.3%

(0.2%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                       

(1)    Pro forma for $5.5m rights offering in April 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 

 

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Catalysts

1.       Large reductions in G&A expense with shift to franchisor-dominated business model drives improved profitability and FCF.

2.       Modest valuation with close to 10% unleveraged FCF yield on 2018-2019 estimated results.

3.       Projected annual adjusted EBITDA of $10m+ in 2018-9.

4.       Potential FCF of $5m-$6m per year in 2018-9 due to capital light franchisor business model, NOL, and reduced cash restructuring costs.

5.       Stabilization and growth of comp store sales trends for franchised restaurants.

6.       Strong balance sheet, after the rights offering, with net cash of about $5m.

7.       Activist shareholder base highly motivated to create shareholder value.

8.       Increased recognition of franchise business model which justifies a higher multiple.

9.       Off-premises / take-out and other programs help drive improved franchisee sales trends.

10.    Potential sale of DAVE to financial or strategic purchaser.

.

Risks

 

1.       The U.S. economy declines which impacts DAVE’s restaurant franchise business model.

2.       DAVE is unable to improve its adjusted EBITDA and FCF results and/or improve franchisee comp store sales as we expect.

3.       Unexpected problems with franchisees, unprofitable franchisee restaurant results limit growth potential.

4.       DAVE is a turnaround situation which has been pursued for several years and we are betting that eventually the turnaround programs will take effect, although it likely won’t be in a straight line.

5.       Misallocation of capital into a poor acquisition.

6.       There are some related party transactions and a lawsuit that should be considered as part of an investment.

7.       We are defining FCF as cash from operations less maintenance capital expenditures and including non-cash stock comp and some other add-backs which some investors would not want to include.

 

 

 

 

Disclaimer

 

Disclaimer:  We own shares of DAVE.  We may buy or sell these shares at any time without notice.  The information in the write-up is believed to be correct as of the date written but investors should do their own verification of this information and analysis of this potential investment.  We undertake no obligation to update this write-up if new information arises at a future date.

I do not hold a position with the issuer such as employment, directorship, or consultancy.
I and/or others I advise do not hold a material investment in the issuer's securities.

Catalyst

see above

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